The Aqaid of Jalal ad din as-Suyuti

Jalal ad din as-Suyuti was a sufi, The Ashari, but still he spoke against the ignorant who ask help from the dead.

Ahmad Yaar Khan mentioned the following from as-Suyuti in his book “Ja al Haq”.

Allama Jalaaluddin Suyuti رضی اللہ تعالٰی عنہ writes, Rasoolullah صلی اللہ علیہ وسلم keeps an eye on his Ummah’s actions. makes istigfaar for their sins and dua for their afflictions to be removed. He grants them barkat and attends the janaazah of a virtuous person who dies from his Ummah these are mashaghil of Prophet as there are ahadith and athaar in this matter. lntibaahul-Azkiya Hayaati-Auliya. Pg. 7. [Translated by the Brailwis]


Due to this quote the extreme sufis claim that as-Suyuti believed in Istigathha through the dead. But as-Suyuti is talking about the matters of al-Barzakh as he said in the end:
فإن هذه الأمور من جملة أشغاله في البرزخ كما وردت بذلك الأحاديث والآثار
These things are his (the Prophet’s peace be upon him) mashaghil in AL BARZAKH as there are ahadith and athaar in this matter. [end quote]

And that:
وفراغ البال مما هو بصدده في البرزخ من النظر في أعمال أمته
In al Barzakh he sees the amaal of his ummah [i.e. which are presented to him]. [end quote]

So, he was talking about al Barzakh, He never said, one should ask help from the Prophet peace be upon him so that He may do Istighhfar for us. Ahlus sunnah also believe that it is proven that the only thing that reaches him (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) is the blessings and salaams of those who send blessings and salaams upon him. This was narrated by Abu Dawood, 2041 from Abu Hurayrah (may Allaah be pleased with him) who said that the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: “There is no one who sends salaams upon me but Allaah will restore to me my soul so that I may return his salaams.” and It was narrated that ‘Abd-Allaah ibn Mas’ood (may Allaah be pleased with him) said: The Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: “Allaah has angels who go around on earth, conveying to me the salaam of my ummah.” Narrated by al-Nasaa’i, 1282; classed as saheeh by al-Albaani in Saheeh al-Targheeb, 1664.

All the deeds are only presented to Allah.

Qur`an states in Surah Al-e-Imran Ayah 109 “And whatever is in the heavens and whatever is in the earth is Allah’s; and to Allah all things return”

al Jalalayn (the tafsir of as-Suyuti and his teacher) commented:
{ وَللَّهِ مَا فِى ٱلسَّمَٰوَاتِ وَمَا فِي ٱلأَْضِ } ملكاً وخلقاً وعبيداً { وَإِلَى ٱللَّهِ تُرْجَعُ } تصير { ٱلأُمُورُ }.
To God belongs all that is in the heavens and in the earth as possessions creatures and servants and to Him all matters are returned.

The hadith states:

“The deeds are presented on every Thursday and Monday and Allah, the Exalted and Glorious. grants pardon to every person who does not associate anything with Allah except the person in whose (heart) there is rancour against his brother. It would be said: Put both of them off until they are reconciled.” [Muslim Book 32, Hadith 6223]

In short, ALL the deeds are presented to no one but Allah, and among our deeds the durood is presented to the Prophet peace be upon him.

Criticism of the scholars on as-Suyuti.

It is important to note that Jalal ad din as-Suyuti was Haatib al-Layl according to the scholars.

al Manawi who himself was a sufi said in Faydh al Qadeer Sharah Jame al Sagheer:
وقد أكثر المؤلّف في هذا من الأحاديث الضعيفة”
Most of the times the author (of Jame sagheer who is as-Suyuti) mentioned weak Ahadeeth in it. [Fayd al Qadeer sharah Jame al Sagheer 1/40]

And due to opinions of as-Suyuti like one can see the Prophet while awake (like He peace be upon him can visit the janazah),his teacher as-Sakhawi (the student of al Asqalani) wrote against him and even bashed him in الضوء الامع and as-Sutyuti replied with “الكاوي في تاريخ السخاوي”.

Qastalani (sufi) said that My teacher as-Sakhawi said regarding seeing Prophet peace be upon him while awake:
لم يصل إلينا ذلك عن أحد من الصحابة، ولا عن من بعدهم.
وقد اشتد حزن فاطمة عليه- صلى الله عليه وسلم- حتى ماتت كمدا بعده بستة أشهر- على الصحيح- وبيتها مجاور لضريحه الشريف، ولم ينقل عنها رؤيته فى المدة التى تأخرت عنه.
Such things doesn’t reach him not from any companion or those who came after him. As an example he gives Fatima (r.a) who died due to feeling lonely after her fathers death, and yet she didn’t see him after his death while she was awake.[Qastalani quoted in Mawahib li-duniya 2/371, Sharah az-Zarqani 7/292 mentioned that his teacher means Sakhawi]

as-Sakhawi went with the opinion of his teacher Ibn Hajr al Asqalani, and his beautiful commentary is already translated in a separate article.

as-Suyuti on Istigatha through Auliyah and Anbiya.

With all this, as-Suyuti went with the opinion of Ahlus sunnah with regards to Istigatha through the Auliyan. As, the commentary of Jalalayn (The Ashari, The sufi as-Suyuti and his teacher) says:

{ وَمَا بِكُم مّن نّعْمَةٍ فَمِنَ ٱللَّهِ } لا يأتي بها غيره و «ما» شرطية أو موصولة { ثُمَّ إِذَا مَسَّكُمُ } أصابكم { ٱلضُّرُّ } الفقر والمرض { فَإِلَيْهِ تَجْئَرُونَ } ترفعون أصواتكم بالاستغاثة والدعاء ولا تدعون غيره.
Whatever grace you have, it is from God, none but He brings it (mā, ‘whatever’, is either a conditional or relative [particle]). Then when misfortune, poverty or illness, befalls you, to Him you cry for help, [to Him] you raise your voices with [ISTIGATHA] pleas for help and supplications, and you do NOT call upon ANY OTHER than Him. [Under 16:53]

as-Suyuti’s advice to those who say that our prayers are accepted at these shrines etc.

as-Suyuti in his work :الأمر بالاتباع والنهي عن الابتداع -السيوطي Under the Chapter تعظيم الأماكن التي لا تستحق التعظيم (Veneration of those places which are not applicable for veneration).

He replied by saying
وقد كان الكفار يدعون، فيستجاب لهم فيسقون وينصرون يعافون مع دعائهم عند أوثام وتوسلهم ا. وقد قال تعالى: (كَّلاّ نمد هؤلاء وهؤلاء من عطاء ربك وما كان عطاء ربك
Kuffar pray in front of Idols and with the Wasilah of Idols and their prayers are Accepted ,then Rain comes to them, Help comes to them , Afiyah comes to them as Allah says (in Bani Israeel:20) On each these as well as those We bestow from the bounties of your Lord. And the bounties of your Lord can never be forbidden
[Page 124 with the research of Shaykh Mashoor bin Hasan aal Salmaan publihed by دار ابن القيم للنشر والتوزيع ، الدمام ، ط 1 ، 1410 هـ / 1990 م]

On page 139 he said
فإن قصد القبور للدعاء رجاء الإجابة فمنهي عنه، وهو إلى التحريم أقرب. والصحابة رضي الله
عنهم – وقد أجدبوا مراتٍ – ودهمتهم نوائب بعد موته (، فهلا جاءوا فاستسقوا واستغاثوا عند قبر
النبي ( وهو أكرم الخلق على الله عز وجل، بل خرج فيهم سيدنا عمر بن الخطاب رضي الله عنه
بالعباس عم النبي ( إلى المصلى فاستسقى به، ولم يستسقوا عند قبر النبي (.
فاقتد أيها المسلم إن كنت عبد الله بسلفك الصالح، وتحقق التوحيد الخالص؛ فلا تعبد إلا الله، ولا
تشرك بربك أحداً، كما أمر الله تعالى بقوله: (فإياي فاعبدون)، وقال تعالى: (فمن كان يرجو لقاء ربه
فليعمل عملاً صالحاً ولا يشرك بعبادة ربه أحداً). فلا تعبد إلا إياه ولا تد ع إلا هو، ولا تستعن إلا به،
فإنه لا مانع ولا معطي ولا مضار ولا نافع إلا هو سبحانه وتعالى، لا إله إلا هو عليه توكلت وإليه
For Verily visiting the graves with the intention that our prayers will be accepted is not allowed and it is closer to Haram. Sahaba faced so many difficulties after the death of Prophet (peace be upon him) drought came to them,…….. so Why didn’t they come to the grave of Prophet of Allah? Why they didn’t request him (peace be upon him) for rain? Why they didn’t call at his grave? Prophet (SAW) is the highest of the creation in the sight of Allah

In fact at the time of drought OMAR Ra went to Eid GAH with Abbas RA and asked him to pray for rain(prayer of istesqa see Sahih bukhari for detailed athar). They never prayed near grave of Prophet (peace be upon him). O Muslim If You are follower of Allah like your Salaf as Saleh were so follow them, do Research of Correct Tauheed, Do not Worship other then Allah, Do not Make Partners of Allah. As Allah Commanded (Therefore worship Me.) and Allah says (So whoever hopes for the meeting with his Lord, let him work righteousness and associate none as a partner in the worship of his Lord.”) (end)

as-Suyuti on Omnipresence of the Prophet peace be upon him.

It is mentioned in Tafsir Jalalayn p 840, Surah Al-Qasas Ayat 44-46:

وَمَا كُنْتَ بِجَانِبِ الْغَرْبِيِّ إِذْ قَضَيْنَا إِلَى مُوسَى الْأَمْرَ وَمَا كُنْتَ مِنَ الشَّاهِدِينَ

وَلَكِنَّا أَنْشَأْنَا قُرُونًا فَتَطَاوَلَ عَلَيْهِمُ الْعُمُرُ وَمَا كُنْتَ ثَاوِيًا فِي أَهْلِ مَدْيَنَ تَتْلُو عَلَيْهِمْ آيَاتِنَا وَلَكِنَّا كُنَّا مُرْسِلِينَ

وَمَا كُنْتَ بِجَانِبِ الطُّورِ إِذْ نَادَيْنَا وَلَكِنْ رَحْمَةً مِنْ رَبِّكَ لِتُنْذِرَ قَوْمًا مَا أَتَاهُمْ مِنْ نَذِيرٍ مِنْ قَبْلِكَ لَعَلَّهُمْ يَتَذَكَّرُونَ

“You, Muhammad, were not on the western side of the mountain or the valley when We gave Musa the command: the Message to Pharaoh and his people. You were not a witness so that you could know it.

Yet We produced further generations after Musa, and ages passed — so they forgot their contract with Allah, many knowledges disappeared, and Revelation ceased. Therefore We brought you as a Messenger and revealed to You the news of Musa and others. Nor did you live among the people of Madyan and recite Our Signs to them, enabling you to learn their story and report it, yet We have sent you news of them. We sent the Message to you with news of those who went before.

Nor were you on the side of the Mount when We called Musa to take hold of the Book with vigour; yet it is a mercy from your Lord that He sent you so that you may warn a people (the people of Makka) to whom no warner came before, so that perhaps they will pay heed.”

It is mentioned in Jalalayn P 518, Surah Yusuf, Ayah 102,

ذَلِكَ مِنْ أَنْبَاءِ الْغَيْبِ نُوحِيهِ إِلَيْكَ وَمَا كُنْتَ لَدَيْهِمْ إِذْ أَجْمَعُوا أَمْرَهُمْ وَهُمْ يَمْكُرُونَ

102. This — what has been narrated about Yusuf — is news of the Unseen that was unknown to you, Muhammad, before — which We reveal to you. You were not with them (the brothers of Yusuf) when they decided what to do — and plotted and resolved on it — and devised their scheme about him. You were not with them to know his story and be aware of it. Your knowledge of it comes from Revelation.

as-Suyuti on whether the Prophet peace be upon him comes in the graves?

Jalal ud din Suyuti said that Ibn Hajar asqalani was asked

و سئل هل يكشف له حتى ير النبى صلى الله عليه وسلم فاجاب انه لم يرد حديث وانما ادعاه بعض من لا يحتج به بغير مستند سوى قوله فى هذا الرجل و لا حجة فيه لان الا شارة الى الحاضر فى الذهن
“He (Hafiz ibn Hajar) was asked: does some unveiling occur for him (the dead person) so he can see the Prophet peace be upon him? He replied: this is not mentioned in any Hadith, this is only claimed by some people who have no other proof to rely upon except the saying “this man (haza Ar-Rajul)”, and there is no proof in it as it is an indication (isharah) to the one who is present in the mind”[Sharah as-Sudoor page 145]

as Suyuti on mediators when asking help from Allah.

Allah says in Al Baqara verse 186
And when My servants ask you, [O Muhammad], concerning Me – indeed I am near. I respond to the invocation of the supplicant when he calls upon Me. So let them respond to Me [by obedience] and believe in Me that they may be [rightly] guided.

as-Suyuti commented:
فإن قيل : كيف جاء وإذا سألك عبادي عني فإني قريب [ البقرة : 186 ] . وعادة السؤال يجيء جوابه في القرآن بقل قلنا : حذفت للإشارة إلى أن العبد في حال الدعاء في أشرف المقامات لا واسطة بينه وبين مولاه .
If it is said: How come Allah say “And when My servants ask you, [O Muhammad], concerning Me – indeed I am near” (why didn’t He say “tell them” I am close), usually the question is answered in Quran by Allah “tell them” (but here He says “I am close” its not mentioned in this verse. why?) Its indicative to the fact that as far as the supplication to Allah is concerned then you are closest to Allah and there is no mediator between you and Allah. [al Itteqaan 2/302]

Sufi al Suyuti on shouting the name of Rasool Allah peace be upon him i.e. “Ya Muhammad from far away”

al Suyuti said regarding Prophet peace be upon him:

ويحرم التقدم بين يديه ورفع الصوت فوق صوته،

والجهر له بالقول ونداؤه من وراء الحجرات، والصياح به من بعيد

It is prohibited to.. raise the voice above his voice, to say something loudly in front of him, calling him from behind the dwellings, And to shout (his name) from far.

أنموذج اللبيب في خصائص الحبيب 1/192

So next time if you shout his name “Ya Muhammad” you are doing a Prohibited act, as you consider him present  and hearing.

Jalal ud din al Suyuti on extreme sufis.

-Suyuti said:

وأما في كلام الصوفية في القرآن فليس بتفسير .

قال ابن الصلاح في فتاويه : وجدت عن الإمام أبي الحسن الواحدي المفسر ، أنه قال : صنف أبو عبد الرحمن السلمي ” حقائق التفسير ” فإن كان قد اعتقد أن ذلك تفسير فقد كفر .

قال ابن الصلاح : وأنا أقول : الظن بمن يوثق به منهم – إذا قال شيئا من ذلك – أنه لم يذكره تفسيرا ، ولا ذهب به مذهب الشرح للكلمة ، فإنه لو كان كذلك كانوا قد سلكوا مسلك الباطنية ، وإنما ذلك منهم لنظير ما ورد به القرآن ، فإن النظير يذكر بالنظير ، ومع ذلك فيا ليتهم لم يتساهلوا بمثل ذلك لما فيه من الإيهام والإلباس .

وقال النسفي في عقائده : النصوص على ظاهرها ، والعدول عنها إلى معان يدعيها أهل الباطن إلحاد .

قال التفتازاني في شرحه : سميت الملاحدة باطنية لادعائهم أن النصوص ليست على ظاهرها ، بل لها معان باطنية لا يعرفها إلا المعلم ،
The Kalam of Sufis on Quran is not (even) Tafsir.

Ibn al Salaah quoted Imam abi al Hasan al Wahidi The Mufassir in his Fatawa that He said: Abu Abdul Rahman as-Sulami wrote a book “Haqaiq al Tafsir”. It is disbelief If one believes it (the book) to be the Tafsir of Quran.

Ibn al Salaah said: I say we should do Husn al Dhan regarding them that they did not write it with the intention of doing tafsir. If they wrote it with the intention of tafsir then they are followers of deviant sect al Baataniyah….

Nasfi said in his Aqeeda: It is must to interpret the Nusus on their apparent meaning. And it is ILHAAD if the meaning is interpreted like the Baatini sect do.

Taftazani said in its commentary: Mulhideen are called Baatinis because they claim that Nusus have some inner meaning rather than the apparent meaning which is only known by its Muallim [al Itteqaan fe ulum al Quran 2/458]

Jalal ud din as-Suyuti said regarding the sufis who fabricated ahadith, in his poem Al-Alfiyyah
وشرهم صوفية قد وضعوا *** محتسبين الأجر فيما يدعوا
“Among them are Sufis who fabricated, while they are seeking reward for what they claim.”
[Al-Alfiyyah al Suyuti fe Ilm al Hadith page 44 al Maktabatul Ilmiyah, translation taken from islamweb]

In short, as-Suyuti never believed in asking help from the dead. Even though he was a sufi, criticized by the scholars due to his collection of every weak, fabricated and authentic ahadith and athar. May Allah have mercy on him ameen.

al Suyuti on “The first thing Allah created was the light of your Prophet, O Jabir,”

Al-Hafiz al-Suyuti said in “al-Hawi”
والحديث المذكور في السؤال ليس له إسناد يعتمد عليه
“It does not have a chain that one can depend on”.

Suyuti on Talqeen to the dead in the grave.

Jalal ud din as-Suyuti said
: لا ، أما أولا : فلأن التلقين لم يثبت فيه حديث صحيح ولا حسن ، بل حديثه ضعيف باتفاق المحدثين ؛ ولهذا ذهب جمهور الأمة إلى أن التلقين بدعة
وآخر من أفتى بذلك الشيخ عز الدين بن عبد السلام ، وإنما استحبه ابن الصلاح وتبعه النووي نظرا إلى أن الحديث الضعيف يتسامح به في فضائل الأعمال .
Talqeen is not proven from sahih or hasan hadith in fact the hadeeth is weak with the consensus of muhadditheen that is why majority of the scholars say Talqeen is an Innovation .. The fatwa of Shaykh Izz al-Din bin Abdus salam is same. But it is mustahab according to Ibn al Salaah followed by an-Nawawi..[Hawi lil Fatawi]

See also:

a) Knowledge of the hour is not known to anyone, says the sufi as-Suyuti

Knowledge of the hour is not known to anyone, says the sufi as-Suyuti