Tawassul Refutation Series (Jews Tawassul Through Prophet)

The Athar

“Ibn ‘Abbas said: “The Jews of Khaybar were fighting the tribe of Ghatfan. When they met in battle, the Jews were defeated so the Jews supplicated with this supplication: “Indeed we ask You by the right of the unlettered Prophet who You promised to send to us at the end of time, that you give us victory against them.” When they met (the tribe) of Ghatfan in battle again, they called out with this supplication and defeated them. When the Prophet was sent, they disbelieved in him, so Allah revealed: (Though before that they were asking for a signal triumph over those who disbelieved -and when there came to them that which they know (to be the truth) they disbelieved therein. The curse of Allah is on disbelievers.) (al-Baqara: 89)”


This Reply is from the Book “Hazihi Mafahimuna” by Shaykh Salih Al Shaykh صالح بن عبد العزيز بن محمد آل الشيخ in Refutation of the book of Muhammad ibn ‘Alawi Al-Maliki “مفاهيم يجب أن تصحح”

Shaykh Salih replied

وقد أخرجه الحاكم في “المستدرك” (2/263)، والبيهقي في”دلائل النبوة” (2/ 76) من طريق عبد الملك بن هارون بن عنترة عن أبيه عن جده عن سعيد بن جبير عن ابن عباس من كلامه. وقال الحاكم بعد ذكره الحديث: (أدت الضرورة إلى إخراجه في التفسير وهو غريب) اهـ، قال الذهبي في “تلخيصه”: (قلت:
لا ضرورة في ذلك، فعبد الملك متروك هالك) اهـ.
وذكر السيوطي في “الدر المنثور” أن إسناده ضعيف


This was narrated by Al-Hakim in his “Mustadrak” v 2 p 263 and Al-Bayhaqi in his “Dalail un Nubuwwah” v 2 p 76 from the Route Abdul Malik Bin Haroon bin Antrah from his Father from His grand father from Saeed bin Jubair from Ibne Abbas… Al-Hakim said after narrating this Hadith:“There is a need of quoting it in (books of) Tafsir and it is Gharib.” Hafidh Ad Dahabi said in his “Talkhis”: “I say: There is no such need because (the narrator) AbdulMalik is Matruk Halik (abandoned destroyed)” and Hafidh As-Suyuti mentioned in “Dur ul Manthur” and weakened this narration،(end)



والحاكم قد ذكر عبد الملك في “المدخل”(1/170) وقال: (روى عن أبيه أحاديث موضوعة)
وعبد الملك هذا كذبه ابن معين وابن حبان والجوزجاني وغيرهم،
Hakim mentioned Abdul Malik in Mudakhal (1/170) and Said: “He narrated Fabrications from his Father”.and Abdul Malik is Liar Acoording to Ibn e Maiyeen and Ibne Hibban and Al Jozjani and Others (end)

Then Shaykh said


قال شيخ الإسلام في “التوسل والوسيلة”

(قوله تعالى: { وَكَانُوا مِنْ قَبْلُ يَسْتَفْتِحُونَ عَلَى الَّذِينَ كَفَرُوا } [البقرة: 89] إنما نزلت باتفاق أهل التفسير والسير في اليهود المجاورين للمدينة أولا، كبني قينقاع وقريظة والنظير.


Shaykh Ul Islam Ibn Taymiyah said in his “Tawassul wal Waseelah”

Allah says (although aforetime they had invoked Allah (for the coming of Muhammad ) in order to gain victory over those who disbelieved,)[Al Baqarah:89] there is agreement between scholars of Tafseer and history that this verse came for Jews of Madeenah like Banu Qaynuqah, Quraydhah and Nadhir,

، فكيف يقال: نزلت في يهود خيبر وغطفان؟

so how can someone say it came about Jews of Khaybar and Ghatfaan?(end quote from Shakh Salih)

Hazihi Mafahimuna page 28 and 29

Note: Most of the Translation is taken from: http://www.umm-ul-qura.org/info/user_pages/page.asp?art_id=128

Hafidh Jalal Ud Din Suyuti Said under the Commentary of Surah Al Baqarah ayah 89

وأخرج الحاكم والبيهقي في الدلائل بسند ضعيف عن ابن عباس

Narrated by Al-Hakim in his “Mustadrak” and Al Behaqay in “Dalail al nabuwwah” with Weak Chain from Ibn e Abbas (and then same story) Source: http://www.al-eman.com/islamlib/viewchp.asp?BID=248&CID=20


What Exactly Jews said?

From abridged Commentary of Ibne Kathir it Says

Before this Messenger came to them, they used to ask Allah to aid them by his arrival, against their polytheistic enemies in war. They used to say to the polytheists, “A Prophet shall be sent just before the end of this world and we, along with him, shall exterminate you, just as the nations of `Ad and Iram were exterminated.” Also, Muhammad bin Ishaq narrated that Ibn `Abbas said, “The Jews used to invoke Allah (for the coming of Muhammad ) in order to gain victory over the Aws and Khazraj, before the Prophet was sent. When Allah sent him to the Arabs, they rejected him and denied what they used to say about him. Hence, Mu`adh bin Jabal and Bishr bin Al-Bara’ bin Ma`rur, from Bani Salamah, said to them, `O Jews! Fear Allah and embrace Islam. You used to invoke Allah for the coming of Muhammad(peace be upon him)when we were still disbelievers and you used to tell us that he would come and describe him to us,’ Salam bin Mushkim from Bani An-Nadir replied, `He did not bring anything that we recognize. He is not the Prophet we told you about.’ Allah then revealed this Ayah about their statement,

﴿وَلَمَّا جَآءَهُمْ كِتَـبٌ مِّنْ عِندِ اللَّهِ مُصَدِّقٌ لِّمَا مَعَهُمْ﴾

(And when there came to them (the Jews), a Book (this Qur’an) from Allah confirming what is with them (the Tawrah) and the Injil (Gospel)).”’

Abu Al-`Aliyah said, “The Jews used to ask Allah to send Muhammad (Peace be upon him)so that they would gain victory over the Arab disbelievers. They used to say, `O Allah! Send the Prophet that we read about – in the Tawrah – so that we can torment and kill the disbelievers alongside him.’ When Allah sent Muhammad (Peace be upon him) and they saw that he was not one of them, they rejected him and envied the Arabs, even though they knew that he was the Messenger of Allah. Hence, Allah said,

﴿فَلَمَّا جَآءَهُم مَّا عَرَفُواْ كَفَرُواْ بِهِ فَلَعْنَةُ اللَّهِ عَلَى الْكَـفِرِينَ﴾

(Then when there came to them that which they had recognized, they disbelieved in it. So let the curse of Allah be on the disbelievers). ”(end)

Related Links

Detailed discussion on this issue and exposing the deviant translations of Sufis

1. http://www.ahlalhdeeth.com/vbe/showthread.php?t=1286

Some Extract from this Link

Al Suyuti rahimahu Allah said in “Lubab al Nuqul fi Asbab An-Nuzool”:

لباب النقول في أسباب النزول – (ج 1 / ص 11)
قوله تعالى وكانوا من قبل يستفتحون الآية
أخرج الحاكم في
المستدرك والبيهقي في الدلائل بسند ضعيف عن ابن عباس قال كانت يهود خيبر تقاتل غطفان فكلما التقوا هزمت يهود فعاذت بهذا الدعاء اللهم إنا نسألك بحق محمد النبي الأميالذي وعدتنا أن تخرجه لنا في آخر الزمان إلا نصرتنا عليهم فكانوا إذا التقوا دعوا بهذا فيهزمون غطفان فلما بعث النبي عليه السلام كفروا به فأنزل الله وكانوا من قبل يستفتحون بك يا محمد على الكافرين

He weakened the hadith of Ibn Abbas radiyallahu anhu in al Mustadrak and Dala’il of al Bayhaqi, the one saying “bi-haqi an nabi al ummi”.


And Al Iraqi said in his takhrij of ahadeeth al Ihya’:

تخريج أحاديث الإحياء – (ج 7 / ص 235)
3160 – حديث ابن عباس : قوله كانت اليهود قبل أن يبعث النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم إذا قاتلوا قوما قالوا : نسألك بالنبي الذي وعدتنا أن ترسله وبالكتاب الذي تنزله إلا ما نصرتنا .
** في نزول قوله تعالى {وكانوا من قبل يستفتحون على الذين كفروا} أخرجه ابن إسحاق في السيرة فيما بلغه عن عكرمة أو عن سعيد بن جبير عن ابن عباس : أن اليهود كانوا يستفتحون على الأوس والخزرج برسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم ، فذكره نحوه وهو منقطع .

He says that its chain is broken.(end)

2. http://www.call-to-monotheism.com/sami_zaatari_s_refutations_to_shamoun

A beautiful Article by Brother Sami Zaatari and Bassam Zawadi in Reply to Sam Shamoun Who loves to blindly cite Muslims who mistakenly venerate the Prophet (peace be upon him) and saints in ways that Islam does not prescribe and tries to convince his readers that this is indeed what Islam teaches!

Note that Christians are accusing Muslims just because of false creed of deviants who Ask help of Prophet Peace be upon him and saint, we should save Islam from these deviant people and try to educate them the real Teachings of Islam, I just want to quote Sam’s one statement

“Not only are Muslims addressing Muhammad directly during their daily prayers there is also the Islamic practice of invoking Allah through Muhammad.” (and then he used fabricated hadith)

Related Links

Tawassul: Islamic vs. bid’ah